Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

NOTE 4

MARKETABLE SECURITIES AND OTHER INVESTMENTS

We have investments in marketable securities which are considered “available-for-sale” under SFAS No. 115. These investments have been included in our consolidated balance sheets in Short-Term Investments, Investments in Unconsolidated Businesses and Other Assets.

Under SFAS No. 115, available-for-sale securities are required to be carried at their fair value, with unrealized gains and losses (net of income taxes) that are considered temporary in nature recorded in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss. The fair values of our investments in marketable securities are determined based on market quotations. We continually evaluate our investments in marketable securities for impairment due to declines in market value considered to be other than temporary. That evaluation includes, in addition to persistent, declining stock prices, general economic and company-specific evaluations. In the event of a determination that a decline in market value is other than temporary, a charge to earnings is recorded in Other Income and (Expense), Net in the consolidated statements of income for all or a portion of the unrealized loss, and a new cost basis in the investment is established. As of December 31, 2007, no impairments were determined to exist.

The following table shows certain summarized information related to our investments in marketable securities:

(dollars in millions)

 

Cost

 

Gross Unrealized Gains

 

Gross Unrealized Losses

 

Fair Value

 

At December 31, 2007

Short-term investments

$

497

 

$

21

 

$

 

$

518

 

Investments in unconsolidated

businesses (Note 6)

 

286

 

 

42

 

 

 

 

328

 

Other assets

 

661

 

 

31

 

 

 

 

692

 

 

$

1,444

 

$

94

 

$

 

$

1,538

 

 

At December 31, 2006

Short-term investments

$

616

 

$

28

 

$

 

$

644

 

Investments in unconsolidated

businesses (Note 6)

 

259

 

 

38

 

 

(2

)

 

295

 

Other assets

 

594

 

 

31

 

 

 

 

625

 

 

$

1,469

 

$

97

 

$

(2

)

$

1,564

 

Our short-term investments are primarily bonds and mutual funds.

Certain other investments in securities that we hold are not adjusted to market values because those values are not readily determinable and/or the securities are not marketable. We do, however, adjust the carrying values of these securities in situations where we believe declines in value below cost were other than temporary. The carrying values for investments not adjusted to market value were $15 million at December 31, 2007 and $12 million at December 31, 2006.