All the data you see via the internet is measured in binary digits. Most people are vaguely familiar with "binary language," which encodes data using 1s and 0s. However, you have likely never heard of the term in the context of internet and device data processing speeds. That is because it is almost always shortened from "binary digits" to “bits.”
Regardless of the type of internet connection you have, its speed will always be calculated in bits. Today’s internet speeds are fast compared to the early days of the World Wide Web. The smallest unit you will see these days is a kilobit. The prefix “kilo” means “one thousand,” so a kilobit (abbreviated as Kb) is 1,000 bits.
High-speed internet has brought a different unit into the picture. Megabits (Mb) are larger than kilobits, with one megabit equalling 1,000 kilobits (or one million bits).
When it comes to internet speed, the unit of measurement is the number of kilobits or megabits sent over the internet connection each second. While shopping for internet service, you will see these figures quoted in megabits per second (Mbps) and kilobits per second (Kbps).
The catch for internet service shoppers is that faster connections are more expensive, so for most users, the best strategy is to get a service plan that is quick enough for your online activities without much extra speed left over. It is possible to run a speed test to see the real-world data transfer rate.
Here is what you need to know about Mbps and Kbps and how they affect data transfer speeds and internet service.